git-diff(1) - Linux man page

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The raw git combined diff format format from "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git diff --raw" are very similar. The "git-diff-tree" command begins its output by printing the hash of what is being compared.

After that, all the commands print one output line per changed file. Status letters C and R are always followed by a score git combined diff format the percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or copyand are the only ones to be so.

The output differs from the format described above in the following way:. When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run with a '-p' option, "git diff" without the '--raw' option, or "git log" with the "-p" option, they do not produce the output described above; git combined diff format they produce a patch file.

If there is need for such substitution then the whole pathname is put in double quotes. The similarity index is the percentage of unchanged lines, and the dissimilarity index is the percentage of changed lines.

It is a rounded down integer, followed by a percent sign. For showing a merge commit with "git log -p", this is the default format. A 'combined diff' format looks like this:. It is followed by one or more extended header lines this example shows a merge with two parents:. Git combined diff format header format is modified to prevent people from accidentally feeding it to patch -p1. Combined diff format was created for review of merge commit changes, and was not meant for apply.

The change is similar to the change in the extended 'index' header:. A - character in the column N means that the line appears in fileN but it does not appear in the result. When shown by git diff-tree -cit compares the parents of a merge commit with the merge result i.

When shown by git diff-files -cit compares the two unresolved merge parents with the working tree file i. The --summary option describes newly added, deleted, renamed and git combined diff format files. The --stat option adds diffstat 1 graph to the output. These options can be combined with other options, such as -pand are meant for human consumption.

When showing a change that involves a rename or git combined diff format copy, --stat output formats the pathnames compactly by combining common prefix and suffix of the pathnames.

The --numstat option gives the diffstat 1 information but is designed for easier machine consumption. An entry git combined diff format --numstat output looks like this:. After reading added and deleted git combined diff format, reading up to NUL would yield the pathname, but if that is NULthe record will show two paths. Inspection and Comparison show log diff shortlog describe Patching apply cherry-pick diff rebase revert Debugging bisect blame grep Email am apply format-patch send-email request-pull External Systems svn fast-import Server Admin daemon update-server-info.

Guides gitattributes Everyday Git Glossary gitignore gitmodules Revisions Tutorial Workflows Administration clean gc fsck reflog git combined diff format instaweb archive bundle Plumbing Commands cat-file check-ignore checkout-index commit-tree count-objects diff-index for-each-ref hash-object ls-files merge-base read-tree rev-list rev-parse show-ref symbolic-ref update-index update-ref verify-pack write-tree.

Raw output format The raw output format from "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git diff --raw" are very similar. These commands all compare two sets of things; what is compared differs: C68 file1 file2 rename-edit: R86 file1 file3 create: The output differs from the format described git combined diff format in the following way: Note that 'combined diff' lists only files which were modified from all parents. Generating patches with -p When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run with a '-p' option, "git diff" without the '--raw' option, or "git log" with the "-p" option, they do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a patch file.

What the -p option produces is slightly different from the traditional diff format. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like this: A 'combined diff' format looks like this: It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like this when '-c' option is used: An entry in --numstat output looks like this: When -z output option is in effect, the output is formatted this way:

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The raw output format from "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git diff --raw" are very similar. The "git-diff-tree" command begins its output by printing the hash of what is being compared. After that, all the commands print one output line per changed file. Status letters C and R are always followed by a score denoting the percentage of similarity between the source and target of the move or copy.

Status letter M may be followed by a score denoting the percentage of dissimilarity for file rewrites. Without the -z option, pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted as explained for the configuration variable core.

Using -z the filename is output verbatim and the line is terminated by a NUL byte. The output differs from the format described above in the following way:. When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run with a -p option, "git diff" without the --raw option, or "git log" with the "-p" option, they do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a patch file.

File modes are printed as 6-digit octal numbers including the file type and file permission bits. The similarity index is the percentage of unchanged lines, and the dissimilarity index is the percentage of changed lines. It is a rounded down integer, followed by a percent sign. The index line includes the SHA-1 checksum before and after the change. Pathnames with "unusual" characters are quoted as explained for the configuration variable core.

All the file1 files in the output refer to files before the commit, and all the file2 files refer to files after the commit. It is incorrect to apply each change to each file sequentially. For example, this patch will swap a and b:. Any diff-generating command can take the -c or --cc option to produce a 'combined diff' when showing a merge. This is the default format when showing merges with git-diff[1] or git-show[1].

Note also that you can give the -m option to any of these commands to force generation of diffs with individual parents of a merge. It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like this when -c option is used:. It is followed by one or more extended header lines this example shows a merge with two parents:.

Chunk header format is modified to prevent people from accidentally feeding it to patch -p1. Combined diff format was created for review of merge commit changes, and was not meant for apply.

The change is similar to the change in the extended 'index' header:. A - character in the column N means that the line appears in fileN but it does not appear in the result. When shown by git diff-tree -c , it compares the parents of a merge commit with the merge result i.

When shown by git diff-files -c , it compares the two unresolved merge parents with the working tree file i. The --summary option describes newly added, deleted, renamed and copied files. The --stat option adds diffstat 1 graph to the output. These options can be combined with other options, such as -p , and are meant for human consumption. When showing a change that involves a rename or a copy, --stat output formats the pathnames compactly by combining common prefix and suffix of the pathnames.

The --numstat option gives the diffstat 1 information but is designed for easier machine consumption. An entry in --numstat output looks like this:. After reading added and deleted lines, reading up to NUL would yield the pathname, but if that is NUL , the record will show two paths. Inspection and Comparison show log diff shortlog describe Patching apply cherry-pick diff rebase revert Debugging bisect blame grep Email am apply format-patch send-email request-pull External Systems svn fast-import Server Admin daemon update-server-info.

Guides gitattributes Everyday Git Glossary gitignore gitmodules Revisions Tutorial Workflows Administration clean gc fsck reflog filter-branch instaweb archive bundle Plumbing Commands cat-file check-ignore checkout-index commit-tree count-objects diff-index for-each-ref hash-object ls-files merge-base read-tree rev-list rev-parse show-ref symbolic-ref update-index update-ref verify-pack write-tree. Raw output format The raw output format from "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", "git-diff-files" and "git diff --raw" are very similar.

These commands all compare two sets of things; what is compared differs: C68 file1 file2 rename-edit: R86 file1 file3 create: The output differs from the format described above in the following way: Note that 'combined diff' lists only files which were modified from all parents. Generating patches with -p When "git-diff-index", "git-diff-tree", or "git-diff-files" are run with a -p option, "git diff" without the --raw option, or "git log" with the "-p" option, they do not produce the output described above; instead they produce a patch file.

What the -p option produces is slightly different from the traditional diff format: It is preceded with a "git diff" header that looks like this: It is preceded with a "git diff" header, that looks like this when -c option is used: An entry in --numstat output looks like this: When -z output option is in effect, the output is formatted this way: