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A trading card or collectible card is a small card, usually made out of paperboard or thick paperwhich usually contains an image of a certain person, place or thing fictional or real and a short description of the trading cards appraisal, along with other text attacks, statistics, or trivia.
Modern cards even go as far as to include swatches of game worn memorabilia, autographs, and trading cards appraisal DNA hair samples of their subjects. Trading cards are traditionally associated with sports ; baseball cards are especially well-known. These often feature cartoonscomic book characters, television series and film stills. In the s, cards designed specifically for playing games became popular enough to develop into a distinct category, trading cards appraisal card games.
These games are mostly fantasy -based gameplay. Fantasy art cards are trading cards appraisal subgenre of trading cards that focus on the artwork. Trade cards are the ancestors of trading cards. Some of the earliest prizes found in retail products were cigarette cards — trade cards advertising the product not to be confused with trading cards that were inserted into paper packs of cigarettes as stiffeners to protect the contents.
Allen and Ginter in the U. Wills inwere the first tobacco companies to print advertisements. Children would stand outside of stores to ask customers who bought cigarettes for the promotional cards.
After that collectors of prizes from retail products took to collecting tea cards in the UK and bubble gum cards in trading cards appraisal US. The first baseball cards were trade cards printed in the late s trading cards appraisal a sporting goods company, around the time baseball became a professional sport.
It was during this era that the most valuable baseball card ever printed was produced - the infamous T tobacco card featuring Honus Wagner. Topps Chewing Gum, Inc. Topps produced its first baseball trading card set inwith the resulting design resembling that of playing cards. Topps purchased their chief competitor, Bowman Gum, in Many of the top selling non-sports cards were produced by Topps, including Wacky Packages—Star Wars beginning in  and Trading cards appraisal Pail Kids beginning in Collectors were delighted, since the oil from the gum was ruining an otherwise pristine or valuable card.
In attempt to stay current with technology and digital trends, existing and new trading card companies started to create digital trading cards that lives exclusively online or as a digital counterpart of a physical card.
InTopps established themselves in the digital space by launching a new brand of sports cards, called etopps. These cards are sold exclusively online through individual IPO's initial player offering in which the card is offered for usually a week at the IPO price. The quantity sold depends on how many people offer to buy, but is limited to a certain maximum. After a sale, the cards are held trading cards appraisal a climate-controlled warehouse unless the buyer requests delivery, and the trading cards appraisal can be traded online without changing hands except in the virtual sense.
In JanuaryTopps announced that they would be discontinuing their eTopps product line. These companies have struggled with two challenges: The only successful business model unlocked has been B2B, licensing the tech to trading cards appraisal promotion companies and sports franchises as digital inventory generators. The bulk of the revenue generated digitally is by US and Japanese games companies such as Wizards of the Coast, with deeper trading cards appraisal play and their own intellectual property.
The dominant paper-based card companies continue to experiment slowly with digital, being careful not to cannibalize their print markets. Inmytcg Technologies launched a platform that enabled content holders to host their content on. InTopps also launched their first trading cards appraisal application. In Topps launched a digital experiment in Europe geotargeted to exclude the USA with its Marvel Hero Attax, using digital as an overlay to its physical product.
Common functionalities that are shared between new and emerging digital trading card platforms, include collection, live auctions, virtual shops, multiplayer gaming, a mobile- web- or Facebook application, Digital Rights Managementcard tracking, and embedded content. Today, the development of the Internet has given rise to various online communities, through which members can trade collectible trading cards appraisal with each trading cards appraisal.
Cards are often bought and sold via eBay and other online retail sources. Many websites solicit their own "sell to us" page in hopes to draw in more purchase opportunities. The value of a trading card depends on a combination of the card's condition, the subject's popularity and the scarcity of the card. In some cases, especially with older cards that preceded the advent of card collecting as a widespread hobbytrading cards appraisal have become collectors' items of considerable value.
In recent years, many sports cards have not necessarily appreciated as much in value due to overproduction, although some manufacturers have used limited editions and smaller print runs to boost value. Trading cards, however, do not have an absolute monetary value. Cards are only worth as much as a collector is willing to pay. Card condition is one aspect of trading cards that determine the value of a card. There are four areas of interest in determining a cards condition. Centering, corners, edges and surface trading cards appraisal taken into consideration, for imperfections, such as color spots and blurred images, and wear, such as creases, scratches and tears, when determining a trading cards value.
Popularity of trading cards is determined by the subject represented on the card, their real life accomplishments, and short term news coverage as well as the specifics of the card. While vintage cards are truly a scarce commodity, modern day manufacturers have to artificially add value to their products in order to make them scarce. This is accomplished by including serial numbered parallel sets, cards with game worn memorabilia, autographs, and more. Time can also make cards more scarce due to the fact that cards may be lost or destroyed.
Sports card is a generic term for a trading card with a sports-related subject, as opposed to non-sports trading cards that deal with other topics.
Sports cards were among the earliest forms of collectibles. They typically consist of a picture of a player on one side, with statistics or other information on the reverse. Cards have been produced featuring most major sports, especially those played in North Americaincluding, but not limited to, association football soccerbaseballbasketballboxingAmerican football gridirongolfhockeyracing and tennis. The first stage in the development of sports cards, during the second half of the 19th century, is essentially the story of baseball cardssince baseball was the first sport to become widely professionalized.
Hockey cards also began to appear early in the 20th century. Cards from this period are commonly known as cigarette cards or tobacco cardsbecause many were produced by tobacco companies and inserted into cigarette packages, to stiffen cigarette packaging and advertise cigarette brands.
The most expensive card in the hobby is a cigarette card of Honus Wagner in a set called T The story told is that Wagner was against his cards being inserted into something that kids would trading cards appraisal. So the production of his cards stopped abruptly. It is assumed that less than of his cards exist in this set. Sets of cards are issued with each season for major professional sports. Since companies typically must pay players for the right to use their images, the vast majority of sports cards feature professional athletes.
Amateurs appear only rarely, usually on cards produced or authorized by the institution trading cards appraisal compete for, such as a college.
Many older sports cards pre command a high price today; this is because they are hard to find, especially in quality condition. This happened because many children used to place their cards in bicycle spokes, where the cards were easily damaged.
Rookie cards of Hall of Fame sports stars can command thousands of dollars if they have been relatively well-preserved. In the s, sports cards started to get produced in higher numbers, and collectors started trading cards appraisal keep their cards in better condition as they became increasingly aware of their potential investment value.
This trend continued well into the s. This practice caused many of the cards manufactured during this era to stay low in value, due to their high numbers.
The proliferation of cards saturated the market, and by the late s, card companies began to produce scarcer versions of cards to keep many collectors interested.
The latest trends in the hobby have been "game used memorabilia" cards, which usually feature a piece of a player's jersey worn in a real professional game; other memorabilia cards include pieces of bats, balls, hats, helmets, and floors.
Authenticated autographs are also popular, as are "serially numbered" cards, which are produced in much smaller amounts than regular "base set cards". Autographs obtained by card manufacturers have become the most collected baseball cards in the hobby's history.
This started in in baseball trading cards appraisal Upper Deck randomly inserted autographs of Reggie Jackson into boxes.
Both the athlete's and card company's reputations are on the line if they do not personally sign these cards. This has trading cards appraisal the most authentic autographs in existence. CAI's have branched out into autographs of famous actors, musicians, Presidents, trading cards appraisal even Albert Einstein. Mostly these autographs are cut from flat items such as postcards, index cards, and plain paper. Then they are pasted onto cards. In trading cards appraisal, a company called Playoff started obtaining autographs on stickers that are stuck on the cards instead of them actually signing the cards.
There is strong opposition against these types of autographs because the players trading cards appraisal even saw the cards that the stickers were affixed to.
The competition among card companies to produce quality sports cards has been fierce. Inthe long-standing sports card producer Fleer went bankrupt and was bought out by Upper Deck.
Not long after that, Donruss lost its MLB baseball license. The first Association football soccer cards were produced in by Marcus's Tobacco in England. They featured illustrated images of players on the front of the card, and a tobacco advertisement on the back of the card.
The next series of cards were produced in by Ardath, which was a card set called Famous Footballers featuring images of players on the front of the card, and a tobacco advertisement and short biography of the player on the back of the card. Similar smaller sized cards were issued in Trading cards appraisal and Italy beginning in the late s.
Cards have been produced from to present, save and Baseball cards will usually feature one or more baseball players or other baseball-related trading cards appraisal figures. The front of the card typically displays an image of the player with identifying information, including, but not limited to, the player's name and team affiliation. Cards are most often found in the United States but are also common in countries such as CanadaCubaand Japanwhere baseball is a popular sport and there are professional leagues.
The earliest baseball cards were in the form of trade cards produced in Between the s and s the cards developed into trading cards, becoming their own product. Trading cards appraisal first basketball cards were produced in trading cards appraisal, in a series trading cards appraisal as College Athlete Felts B The complete series included ten different sports, with only cards being associated with basketball.
The cards were issued as a cigarette redemption premium by Egyptiene Cigarettes. The next series of basketball cards were issued inin two separate series; T6 College Seriesmeasuring approximately 6" by 8", and T51 College Seriesmeasuring approximately 2" by 3". These series included a variety of sports, with only 4 cards being associated with basketball,  one card from the T6 series and three cards from the T51 series.